Discovery and Excavation of Jinsha Site
In the western part of Sichuan Basin, here situates the Chengdu Plain, which is titled “the Land of Abundance” for its beauty and richness. According to the archaeological data we have now, ancient Shu people had settled down here a long time ago. However, its long history is still a mystery as Li Bai, a great poet of the Tang Dynasty, described: “when the countries, Cancong and Yufu, started their establishment? When found, you’ve been here for such a long time but without any communication with the outer world.” What it was like remains an unsolved question in numerous legends, and to reproduce the history has been a dream of archaeologists from generation to generation.
After occasionally the farmer Yan Daocheng found some Bi (stone or jade) and rings (jade) by the side of an unknown stream in Sanxingdui, Guanghan, Sichuan, at the end of 1920s, the mysterious ancient Shu civilization showed itself gradually. When it came to the middle of 1980s, a large amount of bronze figures and masks, heads, holy trees and jade implements were found in two sacrifice pits when the local were borrowing soil to make bricks in Sanxingdui. Those treasures, out of number, created a chance for us to identify and review the ancient Shu civilization again.
In 2001, when the new century just arrived, another piece of good news was reported that in Jinsha Village at the northwestern suburb of Chengdu City, a new site was found, a remote country was revealed, and the 1st significant archaeological discovery of China at the beginning of the new century was started. All in a moment, Jinsha Village, as ordinary as the others, stood out.