Ancient Indian grotto art was introduced to China around the 3rd century AD and repeatedly reached its prime in the northern parts of China. While the art declined in northern China during the late Tang Dynasty, it remained actively practiced along the Yangtze River, especially in Sichuan and Chongqing.
Sichuan and Chongqing are geographically close to each other and share the same cultural origins. They boast the largest amount of grottoes in China. Featured with distinctive national, secular, and daily features, Dazu Rock Carvings is the epitome of Chinese grotto art. In 1999, Dazu Rock Carvings was included in the World Heritage List, marking the last milestone of the grotto art in human history. This exhibition showcases the unique charm of the art and the achievements of cultural heritage protection and inheritance.